THE ANCESTORS AND DESCENDANTS
OF
JOHN ROLFE
WITH NOTICES OF SOME CONNECTED FAMILIES


The following material was provided by Donna Eldridge. It is hoped that this information will make some connection to the Bolling Family of Butler County a little clearer. It is broken down into two parts.


BOLLING OF VIRGINIA
(Continued)

8. Thomas 4 Bolling, of "Cobbs", was born July 7, 1735, and died Aug. 7, 1804; married Elizabeth, daughter of her William Gay.
     Thomas Bolling, was, it is believed, educated at William and Mary College, and studied law in Williamsburg under R. C. Nicholas; but never praticed.  At his mother's death (his brother Edward having died unmarried) he inherited "Cobbs", and the other estates in which she had a life interest.  He was a Justice of Chesterfied; a member of the Committee of Sfety of that County 1774-76 (Wm. & Mary Quarterly, V, 102) and during the Revolution was a Major in the Chesterfield militia.  He appears to  have been for a short time in active service in 1775, as in the "Militia Book" in the State Library is an entry under date Nov. 5, 1775: "Pay and rations to Thomas Bolling, Major Chesterfield militia, per acct. 66.8 (english pounds)".  In the Chesterfield County Order Book for July 1777 is a record that Thomas Bolling qualified (by taking the oath) as Major of militia.
    Issue:
16. I. Elizabeth 5, born 1760, married William Robertson. (See Robertson's "Descendants of Pocahontas.)"
17. II. Rebecca 5 married William Murray. (See "Descendants of Pocahontas", and Slaughter's "History of Bristol Parish" 199-205).
18. III. Col. William 5 Bolling, of "Bolling Hall" Goochland County; member of the House of Delegates; married Mary, daughter of Richard Randolph Jr., of "Curles".  He died July 17, 1849, age 69.   For descendants see Robertson's "Descendants of Pocahontas."
19. IV. Thomas 5, deaf mute a remarkable accomplished man, never married. See "Descendants of Pocahontas."
20. V. Mary 5, deaf mute, never married.
9. JOHN 4 BOLLING, born June 24, 1737, died 179_; married June 29, 1760, Mary (born Oct. 1, 1741) daughter of Col. Pete Jefferson, and sister of President Jefferson.
     John Bolling lived first in Goochland (where in the land tax book of 1783 he was assessed with 1800 acres of land and was a member of the House of Burgesses for that County at the sessions of November 1766, March 1767 and march 1768; but afterwards removed to "Chestnut Grove," Chesterfield County.  During the Revolution he held some office, probably paymaster, in the militia of that county.  In the Council Journal, under date Oct. 25, 1776, is entered a warrant to John Bolling for 12, 15.11 (english pounds), for 118 days pay of drummers and fifers in the Chesterfield militia, and for colours, halbuts, drums and fifes furnished the said militia by the Captains Royal, Harris ad Cread as & accts.  settled by the commissioners.
     Mr. Bolling was a member of the House of Delegates for Chesterfield in 1778 and probably other years.
    Issue: (Ten children, of whom Robertson's Descendants of Pocahontas" gives the following:
21. I. Martha 5, married Field Archer.
22. II. John 5, married ___ Kennon.
23.  III. Edward 5, died 1835, married Dolly Payne.
24. IV. Mary 5, married Edward Archer.
25. V. Robert 5, married Jane Payne.
10. ROBERT 4 BOLLING of "Chellowe", Buckingham Co., born at Varina, Henrico, Aug. 17, 1738, died 1775.
     In the Virginia Gazette, July 29, 1775, it is noted that "last Friday" died Col. Robert Bolling, of Buckingham County.  He married (1) Mary Burton; (2) 1765 (marriage bond, Amherst Co., May 31) Susannah Watson.
     Robert Bolling was educated at a school at Wakefield, Yorkshire, England, under "the celebrated Mr. John Clarke".  He studied there from 1751 to 1755, and returned to Virginia in 1756, where he then studied law under Benjamin Waller. He was a man of learning and accomplishments, and "wrote equally well in latin, French and Italian" (John Randolph of Roanoke), He especially interested in the cultivation of the grape in  Virginia, and frequently contributed articles in regard to it to the Virginia Gazette.  Besides the "Memoirs of the Bolling Family" in Frence, he left two ms. volumes of verse.  One Italian piece written by him on  himself has been published in the 2d vol. of the Colmbian Magazine.  He was a member of the House of Burgesses for Buckingham at the sessions of Nov. 1761, Jan. 1762, March 1762, Nov. 1762, May 1763, Jan. 1764. Oct. 1764, May 1765 and of the Convention of July 1775.
Issue: (For their descendants See "Descendants of Pocahontas.")
26. Mary Burton 5, born 1764, died Aug. 3, 1786,  married, Nov. 4, 1782, Robert Bolling, of "Centre Hill", Petersburg, VA.
27.  Pocahontas Rebecca 5 married, 1783, Colonel Joseph Cabell.
28.  Elizabeth Blair 5, married Major Thomas West
29.  Lenaeus 5, born 1773, died July 7, 1849, member of the House of Delegates 1798-1800- 1821 &c, married 1793 (marriage Bond, Chesterfield Dec. 17) Mary, daughter of Bernard Makham.
30. Powhatan 5, born 1767, died 1802, member of the House of Delegates 1798-99 for Buckingham, and voted for the famous "Resolutions."
14. ARCHIBALD 4 BOLLING, of Buckingham County, born March 20, 1749-50, died -----; married (1) 1770, Sarah, daughter of Archibald Cary, of "Ampthill" (she died Oct. 1773); (2) in Feb 1774 (Virginia Gazette), Jane, daughter of Richard Randolph of "Curles"; (3) Mrs. Clarke, widow.
Issue: (For their descendants, see "Descendants of Pocahontas.")
30. Sarah 5, married 1792, Joseph Cabell Megginson.
31. Ann Everard 5, married (1) Sheppard Duval; (2) in 1804, Col Joseph Cabell.
32. Elizabeth Meade 5, died 1823, married, 1801, Archibald Robertson.
33. Blair 5, born 1792, Captain of the Public Guard of Virginia; married (1) in 1824, M. A. Webster; (2) in 1827, Penelope Storrs.

By some accident in copying or printing, the names of Archibald Bolling, and Catherine Payne his wife, and their children, appearing on pates 35 and 42, of Robertson's Pocahontas and her Descendents, were omitted from the proper place among the children of John Bolling Vol. XXII, p. 332 of this Magazine.*

BOLLING - RANDOLPH

3. JANE 5 BOLLING, who was born in 1703 and died in 1767, married Col. Richard Randolph, of "Curles," Henrico County.  Richard Randolph was the 5th son of William and Mary (Isham) Randolph, of "Turkey Island," Henrico County.  He was a member of the House of Burgesses for Henrico at the sessions of Aug. 1736, Nov. 1738, May 1740, May 1742, Sept. 1744, Feb. 1745, July 1746, March 1747 and Oct. 1748, and was Treasurer of the Colony 1736-1738.  At "Turkey Island," is a shaft erected in part to commemorate the great flood of 1771 and partly in memory of Richard and Jane Randolph.  On the western side of the obelisk is the following inscription (now in part mutilated):

                        "In the year 1772
                This monument was raised
            to the Memory of the frist Richard
                        by their third son
                To whose parental affection
                     Industry & Economy
                       He was indebted
              For their tenderness in Infancy
               A good Education in Youth
                     and ample Fortune
                       at Mature age."

     Garland, in his life of John Randolph of Roanoke, a grandson of Richard and Jane Randolph, states that Richard Randolph owned 40,000 acres of land.
     Following are abstracts of the wills of Richard and Jane Randolph (for which we are indebted to Mr. W. Clayton Torrence of the Valentine Museum, Richmond, Va.)
     Richard Randolph of Curls, Henrico, Co. - Wife Jane, during life (in, lieu of dower) use of Curls plantation, and 33 slaves, stocks of cattle, sheep, hogs, horses and mares belonging to Curls, coach, chaise, harness all plate and furniture at Curles house trusting to her prudence and justice in dividing same amongst my four sons Richard, Brett, Ryland and John Randolph.  In case wife should not be able to raise sufficient provisions for support of family which she shall keep at Curls, then to be supplied from other plantations.
     Daughter Jane, 600 (english pounds) sterlg. to be paid at age of 21 years or day of marriage & 2 negros.
     Daughter Elizabeth, 600 (english pounds) sterlg. at age of 21 years or day of marriage & 2 negros.
     Three daughters Mary, Jane and Elizabeth, to the former 335 (english pounds) sterl.
     The two latter 400 (english pounds) sterlg. each to make up their fortunes of 1000 (english pounds) sterlg. apiece; to be paid out of profits of estate after deducting charge of educating my children.  Should profits of estate not be sufficient to pay these legacies then all profits of estate (deducting expense of educating and maintaining children) shall be equally divided amongst said 3 daughters as the profits shall arise until my 3 sons Brett, Ryland and John Respectively attain lawful age, at which time they are to take such part of estate hereinafter devised them without being accountable for any part of profits.  Should profits exceed legacies residue to be equally divided between four sons Richard, Brett, Ryland and John.
     Son Brett (at lawful age) lands at Warwick, Henrico Co., Fighting Creek, Goochland, Mountain Creek, Amelia; with stocks on said plantations.
     Son Ryland (at lawful age) lands in fork of Appomattox in Goochland and Amelia, at Bush River, Amelia, Falling Creek, Amelia, also stocks thereon.
     Son John (at lawful age) lands on both sides Staunton or Roanoke River, Lunenburg, with stocks thereon.
     Son Richard, 2 slaves above those he has possession of at my several plantations at Tuckahoe and Green Mountain.
     Wife Jane, 6 negroes during term of seven years in special trust to be employed in building and repairing houses on several  plantations; then said slaves to son Richard.
     Grand daughters Ann Cary and Mary Cary, a negro apiece.
     Residue of slaves to bd equally divided between three sons Brett, Ryland and John when Brett attains age of 21 years.  Directions as to how division to be made.
     Son Richard, after my wife's death, 12 of the slaves left her during life; residue of said slaves to be equally divided amongst 3 sons Brett, Ryland and John.
     Specific directions made for division of property in event of deaths of an heir or heirs.
     Provides for conveyance of lands for which he has surveys, etc.
     Should controversies arise over bequests Peyton Randolph, Esq. Peter Randolph, William Stith, Clerk and Richard Bland, to settle same.
     Executors, wife Jane, son Richard Randolph, Col. Peter Randolph, Col. Richard Bland, Mr. Archibald Cary, and said executors, together with Peyton Randolph, Esq. and William Stith, Clerk, guardian to my children - No security to be demanded of them; no appraisement to be made.
     Dated 18 November 1747. witnesses: Richard Wilkinson, Richard Hooper, Stephen X Childers.
     Probated, 1 Munday in June 1749.
From Henrico Co. Deeds, Wills, &c. 1748-50, p. 112 et seq.
     Jane Randolph of Curles, Henrico Co. - Son Richard Randolph, silver salver, 4 large silver sale cellars, 1 counterpane of largest size, 1 fringed counterpane of best sort.
     Son Ryland, 1 silver tankard, 2 small silver waiters, 1 large silver spoon, 1 counterpane largest size, 1 fringed counterpane best sort.
     Son John, 1 flat silver candle stick and snuffers, 1 doz. large silver table spoons with crest on them, 10 silver sweet meat spoons, 2 old silver table spoons now about the house, with all the old tea spoons, 1 counterpane smallest size, silk quilt, the black trunk in chamber, 2 small counterpanes of worst sort;
     Daughter in law Anne Randolph silver chased milk pot and the coral.
     Whereas by the will of her late husband sons Brett, Ryland and John were directed to have sundry slaves with their increase, the testatrix hereby makes division of said slaves among the said named Brett, Ryland and John.
     Daughter Elizabeth, 60 (english pounds) curr., my gold watch, seal and chain, mahogany press which stands in my room, chest which stands under window in store room and contents except a pair of cotton cards.
     Niece Jane Eldridge is loaned, for life, certain negroes, and should she marry and have issue then to her in fee, otherwise to my daughter Elizabeth, to said Jane Eldridge, black walnut press.
     Daughter Elizabeth, my post charriot.
     Sons Richard, Ryland and John and the eldest surviving son of my deceased son Brett, all pewter and copper furniture.
     Son Richard, mahogony scrutoire in little hall.
     Son Ryland, my picture of his father's hanging in my room; the picture of my son Brett drawn in cryons, large mahogony table in the dining room and small mohogony spring table.
     Son John, picture of Sr. John Randolph, the black walnut scutoire in the chamber.
     To eldest surving son of my deceased son Brett, the picture in the chamber.
     Sons Richard, Ryland and John, and the eldest surving son of my deceased son Brett, 8 feather beds equally divided among them also all cash after debts and legacies are paid.
     Effects not disposed of, to sons Richard and Ryland in trust to be disposed of as by memorandum in their hands.
     Executors, sons Richard and Ryland, with Colonel Archibald Cary.
     Dated 2 March 1766.  No appraisement to be made.
     Witnesses: Elizabeth Gay, Anne Murray.
                                                         "Jane Ralp'h"
                                                      This will is signed.
Probated 1 June 1767.
From Originals at Henrico C.H.
     Mrs. Randolph's will has a large seal in black wax bearing the arms of Randolph and Bolling impaled.  A few years ago it was perfect; but now has been broken.
     Richard and Jane Randolph  had issue:
I. Richard of "Curles," married Anne Meade.
II. Ryland, died unmarried
III. Brett, born 1732, died 1759, married Mary Scott, in England, where he lived and died; though his children returned to Virginia.
IV. John of "Mattoax," Chesterfield County born June 26, 1742, died Oct. 28, 1775, married Frances, daughter of Theoderick Bland of "Cawsons," Prince George County, and was the father of John Randolph of Roanoke.
V. Mary, born Nov. 21, 1727, died Nov. 5, 1781, married Archibald Cary, of "Ampthill," Chesterfield County, distinguished Revolutionary statesman.
VI. Jane, married Anthony Walke, of "Fairfield," Princess Anne County.
VII. Elizabeth, married Col. Richard Kidder Meade, one of Washington's aids during the Revolution.
     For later descendants of Richard and Jane Randolph see Robertson's "Pocahontas and Her Descendants;" "William and Mary Quarterly" IX, 182, 183; 250-252, and for descendants of Brett Randolph see "Goode's "Virginia Cousins."
     It is not the purpose of this genealogy to bring the lines down later than the generations just given; but the will of John Randolph of "Matoax" shows such strong resemblances of character to his famous son that an abstract is given.
     Will of John Randolph of Chesterfield County, going in a few days by water to Norfolk.  To wife all the land I purchased of John Tabb in Chesterfield on Old Town Creek (1305 acres) and 20 working hands, 4 plow boys, and the house servants, with utensils, horses, cattle etc., requisite for the said plantation known as Herbert Place; also all household furniture, linen, glass, plate etc., all my carriage horses and riding horses, and my watch.  To son Richard the land where I now live in Cumberland and Prince Edward Counties on Appomattox and Buffalo rivers.  To son Theoderick Bland Randolph all my land on Stanton River below the mouth of Little Roanoke in Charlotte County, "on this promise that he don't sell swap or part with in any manner any part or parcel thereof to one Paul Carrington now living on or near little Roanoke (who cheated my brother Ryland out of 570 (english pounds) in a bargain for 310 acres of low grounds on the opposite side of the little Roanoke) or any of his children, any agent or attorney for him or them or any other person or persons that he has any suspicion or information may want it for him or any of his Family under the penalty of five hundred pounds to be divided equally among my children; my reason for giving this land on such condition is that to this day I feel and my children may feel the vilany of that Paul Carrington." To son John all the land on Stanton River adjoining Paul Carringtons land, on the same condition.  Wife is desired to divide at her death her estate equally among the children.  Executors are to employ a person to keep my accounts, pay him genteely, and have all accounts settled once every year.  "An unhappy difference on an account prevents my leaving my brother Ryland executor, and I hope my brother Richard, of whom I have a very good opinion and sincere affection will readily excuse my not appointing him as he is very infirm and has too many estates to manage already." Executors are to divide the negroes equally among his sons Richard, Theoderick Bland and John, when Richard shall come of age, "also that my children be educated in the best manner without regard to expense as far as their fortunes may allow even to the last shilling, and that they choose professions or trade agreeable to their inclination."  Theoderick Bland and Col. John Banister executors. Dated July 25, 1774.  By codicil Thomas Randolph of Dungeness also made an executor. Proved in Chesterfield Co. Oct. 3d, 1775.

BOLLING - GAY - ELDRIDGE

5. ELIZABETH 3 BOLLING, born 1709 (?), died about 1766, married Dr. William Gay (who died about 1749), of Henrico and Chesterfield Counties.
     Dr. William Gay, also styled in the records of Henrico County, Major William Gay, was a justice of Henrico in 1737 and sheriff of that county in 1745, and was a justice of chesterfield at its formation in 1749.  By his will, dated March 1st, 1749, and proved in Chesterfield (by a very annoying exception to the custom of all other counties, the probate is not entered at the foot of the will in the old Chesterfield will books, and can only be found from the order books) he left his lands in Chesterfield and Cumberland and all his estate to his wife Elizabeth.
     The will of Mrs. Elizabeth Gay was dated July 24, 1766, and proved in Chesterfield.  Her legatees were her daughters Betty Bolling and Mary Buchanan, sons-in-law Thomas Bolling and Neill Buchanan; son John, to whom she gave land in Chesterfield called Auburn Chance, and son William, to whom she gave land in Cumberland County.
     Issue: 34. John 4, who is not named in the "Descendants of Pocahontas"; 35. William 4, married (I), Frances Trent (II), Judith Scott, 36. Elizabeth married Thos. Bolling, of "Cobbs"; 37. Mary, married Neill Buchanan, of "Etrtick Banks," Chesterfield.
     For their descendants see "Descendants of Pocahontas."
6. MARTHA 4 BOLLING, born 1713, died October 23, 1749, married in 1727 (according to Robertson Thomas Eldridge, who was born ___, and died Dec. 11, 1754.  He married (II) Elizabeth, daughter of Howell Jones of Surry County.
     The first of the Eldridge family from whom descent can be traced was "Mr. Thomas Eldridge," who in 1709 was practicing law in Henrico and in 1716 was deputy clerk of that county.  He married Judith, daughter of Richard Kennon, of "Conjurer's Neck."  In June, 1711, Thomas and Judith Eldridge were witnesses to a deed from William Kennon to his brother Richard Kennon (Jr.); and in the same year William Kennon deeded to Thomas Eldridge a tract of land in Henrico (now Chesterfield) called Roxdale, containing 675 acres.  Thomas Eldridge Sr. afterwards removed to Surry County where he died in 1741.  His will dated Aug. 17, 1739, and proved in Surry May 20, 1741, he gave his wife Judith, for her life, the plantation he lived on, and at her death to his son William, Jr., etc., etc.  To son thomas certain lands, all his law-books, a silver tankard and a dozen silver spoons.  Legacies to daughters Judith, Mary, Ann and Martha.  To son Richard all the land called Roxdale in Henrico.  Legacies to grandchildren Thomas and Jane Eldridge.
     The son Thomas Eldridge, who married Martha Bolling, was also a lawyer and qualified to  practice in Amelia County in 1737.  In 1745 he was appointed a justice of Prince George County, where he died.
     As the will of Thomas Eldridge (Jr.), if he made one, has been destroyed with many of the Prince George records, there is some uncertainty as to the exact number of his children.  A record granted by Alexander Brown in the Richard Standard (apparently from a family Bible) gives the date of birth of only John, Mary, Judith, and Rolfe - between 1741 and 1745.  A marriage bond in Sussex June 9, 1762, is for George Rives, and "Sarah daughter of Thomas Eldridge." The account of the Eldridge family in the William and Mary Quarterly XX, 204-207, has also Martha, born Oct. 23, 1749, but as will be shown later this date is impossible.  In the Richmond Standard, Vol. II, No. 36, is a communication from St. Louis, signed "W.", who is evidently drawing from some contemporary family record.  "W." states that Thomas and Martha (Bolling) Eldridge had a daughter Martha, who married in August 1748, John Harris of Surry County, and had issue 1. Pamela born June 11, 1749, married March 29, 1768, Rev. Christopher M'Rae; 2. Anne Kennon born April 6, 1758; 3. Eldridge born May 19, 1764.  Pamela (Harris) McRae could not have been born in 1749 as her mother was born the same year, nor could Mrs. McRae have been married in 1768 if her mother was born in 1749.  So the date given in the Wm. & Mary genealogy for Martha Eldridge's birth must be wrong.  Nor would the date of Pamela Harris's birth suit for her mother to have been one of a family of children born about 1741-45. 
     The will of John Harris was dated Dec. 26, 1770, and proved in Surry March 19, 1771.  He desired to be buried by his wife and parents.  To daughter Pamela McRae, two negroes.  Legacies to son Richard Harris, daughter Mary Harris, daughter Anne Kennon Harris (who was deaf), and sons Kennon and Eldridge Harris.  Commits his daughter Ann Kennon to the care of Rev. Christopher McRae and his wife.  Directs his lands at Ware Neck and Foster's to be sold and the proceeds divided between his three sons.  Rest of estate between his children.  Appoints his particular friends Rev. Christopher McRae, rector of Southwash Parish, Michael Nicholson of Surry and William Eldridge of Surry executors.
     It will be noticed that the name Kennon (that of the wife to Thomas Eldridge Sr.) appears twice among his children; but neither Bolling nor Rolfe.  William Eldridge, one of the executors, was a son of Thomas Eldredge Sr.
     These circumstances (dates, etc) might make it possible that Martha (Eldridge) Harris was not a daughter of Thomas and Martha (Bolling) Eldridge, but was the daughter Martha named in the will of Thos. Eldridge, Sr.
     All the genealogies however state that she was a daughter of Thomas and Martha (Bolling) Eldridge.  If Robertson dates are correct Martha Bolling was only 14 when she married Thos. Eldridge.  If married in 1727 Martha Eldridge was one of her older children she might have been born about 1729, and could have been the mother of Martha (Eldridge) Harris who was born in 1749.  Until decisive proof to the contrary is obtained it will be assumed that the generally accepted account is correct.
     Issue of Thomas Eldridge and Martha 4 (Bolling) Eldridge: 38. Martha married John Harris, of Surry County; 39. Sarah, married, in 1762, George Rives, of Sussex County; 40. John 5, born April 22d 1741; 41. Mary (twin) born March 11, 1743, married Thomas Branch; 42. Judith (twin) born March 11, 1743; married James Ferguson; 43. Rolfe 5, of "Subpoena," Buckingham County, born Dec. 29, 1745, died 1806, Clerk of Buckingham 1770-1806,  married Sarah Everard Walker; 44. Jane.
     For their descendants see Robertson's "Descendants of Pocahontas," and genealogy of Eldridge family in William and Mary Quarterly, XX, 204-207, 301, 302.  No genealogy of the McRae family has been published.

THE FLEMING FAMILY

     An old record preserved in the Fleming family states that the immigrant ancestor was "Sir Thomas Fleming, second son of the Earl of Wigdon in Scotland," who married in England Miss Tarleton, came to Virginia in 1616, settling first at Jamestown and afterwards removing to New Kent county "where he lived and died."  Besides several daughters he left three sons Tarleton, John and Charles.  How far this statement in regard to the descent from the Earl of Wigton is correct, has never been investigated, and certainly the date given for the immigration is too early.  There may be other errors in the tradition.  Douglas's Scottish Peerage states that John Fleming, 1st Earl of Wigton, had besides his eldest son John who succeeded to the title, a second son James, who, in 1612, married Janet Brisbane, and had a son John, who came of age in 1643, and also a third son Malcolm, whose eldest son was named John.  So it is quite possible that the Virginia Fleming's descended from one of the younger sons of the Earl.  A letter written in Virginia more than a hundred years ago which states that one of the family, the elder brother of Judge Wm. Fleming, was then heir to the Earldom of Wigton, shows the antiquity of the tradition.  The total destruction of the New Kent records, renders it impossible to ascertain whether a Thomas Fleming lived there; but it is certain that two persons of the name, John and Charles, were living in New Kent in the latter part of the Seventeenth Century.  John Fleming patented land in New Kent in 1658 and 1661, and died Aug. 30, 1686 (St. Peters Register, New Kent).  As Hanover County was formed from New Kent (or the territory once in that county) it is possible that John Fleming was the father of William Fleming, who was sheriff of Hanover in 1727 and 1728, and grandfather of Robert Fleming, Burgess for Caroline County, "who died at his father's house in Hanover," Feb. 1737 (Va. Gazette).  John may also have been the father of Charles.
     CHARLES FLEMING, of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent, (whom Mr. Brown, in "The Cabells and thier Kin," styles Colonel Charles Fleming) patented land in that county in 1688, and in King and Queen Co. in 1701.  He also possessed considerable landed estates in the present county of Goochland (then Henrico).  Accounts of surveys by Rich'd. Ligon, surveyor of Henrico, include, on Nov. 15, 1706 one of 1430 acres for Chas. Fleming; on Aug. 11, 1709, one of 1429 acres, and in Nov. 1709, another of 670 acres.  There is on record in Henrico, a deed, dated Oct. 1717, from Charles Fleming of New Kent and susanna his wife, conveying  to John Thornton, of New Kent, 1278 acres on James River [now in Goochland] called Elk Island, which had been patented by Fleming in 1714.  By deed, Henrico, Oct. 1717, Tarlton and John Woodson conveyed to Chas. Fleming, of New Kent, 500 acres in Henrico, adjoining Fleming's Plantation.  In Dec. 1720 there was a suit in Henrico by John Fleming, executor of Chas. Fleming.  The latter died between 1717 and 1720, and by his marriage with Susanna - had issue.
*1. I. John 2, b. Nov. 1697; d. Nov. 6, 1756; m. Jan. 20, 1727, Mary Bolling.
+2. II. Tarleton 2, b. __; d. __; m. __
3. III. Judith 2, married (1) Oct. 16, 1712 (St. Peter's Register) Thomas Randolph of "Tuckahoe", and (2) m 1733, Nicholas Davies, of Goochland.  Their marriage contract, in which John and Tarleton Fleming, gentlemen, were trustees, was dated Dec. 24, 1733, and recorded in Goochland.
4. IV. Susannah 2, . (1) John Bates, of York Co., and was ancestress of Edward Bates, Attorney General U.S.; Frederick Bates, Governor of Mo.; James Bates, of Arkansas, M. C.; and Thos. Fleming Bates, member of the Va. Convention of 1829; and (2) John Woodson (Wm. & Mary Quarterly VI, 123 and "Cabells and their Kin").  There is on record in Goochland a deed dated Apr. 17, 1736, from Tarlton Woodson of Henrico, to Col. John Fleming, of Goochland, conveying 1290 acres in Goochland (part of "what is known as the Lickinghole survey") - 500 acres of said land had been given by the will of Charles Fleming to his grandsons Charles Jordan and George Bates.  And also a deed in Goochland, dated Apl. 1736, from John Fleing to his "cousins" [nephews] Charles Jordan, George Bates, Samuel Jordan, and Matthew Jordan, conveying 500 acres in Goochland, which he had bought from Tarlton Woodson.
5. V _ 2, daughter, married __ Jordan, and was mother of Colonel Samuel Jordan, of "Seven Islands," Buckiingham Co., member of the House of Burgesses for that county ("Cabells and Their Kin," and deed cited above.)
6. VI. __ 2, (probably) daughter married __ Hughes.  There is on record in Goochland, a deed dated May 20, 1729, from John Fleming, of Goochland, to Stephen Hughes of the same county; conveying 732 acres in Goochland, the upper end of a tract of land called Fleming's Park, being the land directed in the will of Charles fleming, to be conveyed by his heirs or executors to the said Hughes.  Possibly, however, this was only a sale in which Chas. Fleming had not had time to make a deed.
7. VII. (Probably) __ 2, daughter married Bowler Cocke of Henrico Co.  In 1725 Tarleton Fleming and Bowler Cocke, "devisees of Charles Fleming," received a regrant of 1430 acres, formerly patented by Charles Fleming.
8.  VIII.  Elizabeth 2, "daughter of Charles and Susanna Fleming, born Oct. 23 [or 28] 168 _" (St. Peter's Register).  She may have been one of those, noted above, whose Christian names are unknown.
1. JOHN 2 FLEMING, "eldest son of Charles Fleming, late of the county of New Kent, Merchant, was born in the Month of Nov.1697, and was married to Mary Bolling, second daughter of Major John Bolling (and great granddaughter of Pocahontas) late of Cobbs in the County of Henrico (Now Chesterfield) on the 20th day of January 1727, and had issue by her six sons and two daughters.  She died the 10th of August 1744, and he never married again, although he lived 'till the 6th day of Nov. 1756." (From a family Bible in the possession of Mr. Wm. Fleming Eggleston.  The entries were probably made by Judge Wm. Fleming, and the additions in parentheses, made at a later date.)  Colonel John Fleming lived at "Mt Pleasant" on James River, in what was first Goochland, later in Cumberland, and is now in Powhatan.  He was one of the leading men of that section from the formation of Goochland County; was one of the first justices of that county in 1728, and in 1730, on the death of his brother-in-law Col. Thomas Randolph, of "Tuckahoe," succeeded him in the offices of County-lieutenant and presiding justice of Goochland.  He was a member of the House of Burgesses, 1732, (Goochland Records cited in "Cabells and their Kin,") Col. fleming probably held the same county offices in Cumberland when it was formed.  His will, dated Nov. 20, 1756, is in substance, as follows: to my son John, my whole tract of land on James River, in Cumberland Co., [now Powhatan] called Maiden's Adventure, on condition, that he convey to my son Charles, a tract on Willis Creek, Cumberland, containing 1092 1/2 acres, being the land John lately pruchased of Wm Bernard, and in case John does not do so, I give Charles one half of Maiden's Adventure.  To my son thomas a tract of land on James River, in Goochland Co., called Little Creek.  To my son William a tract in Cumberland, called Mt. Plwasant, where I now dwell.  To son Richard, a tract in Goochland called Dover.  My negro slaves to be divided as nearly as may be into seven parts, and sons John, Thomas, William, Richard and Charles, to have each one seventh.  To my daughter Mary Bernard one seventh of my slaves for her life, and afterwards to be divided between such children as she may leave.  To my daughter Caroline Fleming, one seventh of my slaves for her life, and, if she marries, after her death to be divided between her children; bu if she dies unmarried, here share is to be divided between my other children.  My personal estate to be divided into seven equal portions.  My slaves to be divided by my friends George Carrington, Archibald Cary and Wade Netherland.  Sons John, Thomas, and William executors.  Robt Furlong, Tarlton Fleming and Bathrust Skelton, witnesses:
Children:
*9. I. John 3, b__; d. April 21, 1767, in Susanna __.
*10. II. Thomas 3, b. __; d., 1739
*11. Charles 3, b. __; d. 1793 ?
*12. IV. William 3, b. July 6, 1736; d. Feb. 15, 1824; m. Oct. 5, 1766, Elizabeth Champe.
13. V. Richard 3, was left by his father, a tract of land called Dover in Goochland; was named in the will of his brother John, in 1763; but probably died soon after, without issue.
14. VI. __ 3, son died before his father.
*15. VII. Mary 3, (born before Wm); d. __; m. in 1748, Wm Bernard.
*16. VIII. Caroline 3, b. __; d. __; m (I) James Deans, of chesterfield Co.; Merchant; (II) 1764, James Fyrie, of Blandford, Prince George Co.
     The will of James Deans, Merchant, was dated April 20, 1762 and recorded in Chesterfield Co.  He left  his wife Caroline 1500 (english pounds) current money of Virginia and all of his household furniture, stock of horses and cattle, chair and horses, and all of his negroes, except two women who were left to his daughter Mary; to his sisters Katherine and Christian Deans an annunity of 30 (english pounds) sterling; rest of estate to his daughter Mary Deans.  If she died unmarried he gave 200 (english pounds) to Anne and Margaret, daughters of his friend James Murray; to the Infirmary of Aberdeen 200 (english pounds), and the remainder to his wife.  Gave 30 (english pounds) annually for the board and education of his daughter.  Appointed to his friends Richard Bland, of Jordans, James Murray, of Athol Braes, Prince George Co. and William Fleming, of Cumberland Co. executors.
     There is recorded in Chesterfield, a marriage contract, dated March 30, 1764, between Caroline, widow of James Deans, and James Fyrie, of Blandford, Prince George Co., John Fleming of Cumberland Co. was her trustee.
     Mary, daughter of James and Caroline (Fleming) Deans married (?)
9. JOHN 3 FLEMING; b. ___; d. April 21, 1767 in Cumberland County; m. __; Susanna __.
     John Fleming lived in Cumberland, doubtless at "Maiden's Adventure" which had been left him by his father.  He was a lawyer, and soon obtaiined note at the bar, and an extensive practice.  His fee book, covering the period 1754-1766, has been preserved, and shows the extent of his practice.  In 1756, he was elected a member of the House of Burgesses for Cumberland, and represented that county continuously for eleven years, until his death in 1767 (Journals of the House of Burgesses).   When the political troubles with England began,  he sided with the advanced adherents of colonial rights, and became the warm friend of Patrick Henry, and a supporter of the measures he advocated.  Wirt and Henry, in their lives of Henry, state that John Fleming of Cumberland, and George Johnston of Fairfax, were the only members to whom Patrick Henry showed his famous resolutions of 1765, before offering them in the House.  Edmund Randolph in hi smanuscript fragment on the history of Virginia, says "The resolutions offered by Mr. Henry are understood to have been written by Mr. John Fleming, a member for Cumberland County, distinguished for his patriotism, and the strength of his understanding."
     The Virginia Gazette, April 30, 1767, contains a notice of the death of Col. Fleming: "On Tuesday, the 21st of this instant died, at his home in Cumberland, Col. John Fleming, member of the Assembly for that county, and an eminent practitioner in the law.  He was a gentleman of distinguished merit and abilities, which makes his death much lamented by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, and may be considered a public loss."
    The following is an abstract of his will, dated April 7, 1763, and proved in Cumberland April 27, 1767: "I John Fleming, of Cumberland Co., attorney at law. In compliance with will of deceased father John Fleming, have given my brother Charles Fleming, land on Willis' Creek.  To wife Susanna my land at and adjoining Maiden's Adventure, including 100 acres I purchased of Wm. Dudley and 100 of Silvester Alford, for her life, and at her death, to my son John.  To my wife 3604 acres in Lunenberg Co., I purchased of Hugh Miller, and two lots in Gatesville [Chesterfield Co.] and also all my slaves and personal estate.  Wife to provide for the maintenance and education of the children.  To son John the violin I bought of Col. Hunter, and my case of razors. * * * Appoint my brothers Thomas, William, and Richard guardian of my son John, and my daughters.
     Col. John 3 and Susanna Fleming had issue.
+17. John 4; b __; killed at Princeton, Jan. 3d, 1777; never married.
+ 18. Mary 4; married (1) Warner Lewis, Jr., of "Severn Hall," Gloucester Co.; (2) __ Ellis; died without surviving issue, leaving Susan Lewis, afterwards Mrs. Byrd, her chief legatee (Vouchers in Va. Land Office).
+ 19. Susanna 4, married Addison Lewis of Gloucester Co. (See genealogies of Lewis and Byrd families).
     There is on record in Goochland, a deed dated September, 1777, from Mary Fleming daughter of John Fleming, deceased, attorney at law, conveying to Wm. Fleming, of Powhatan Co., attorney at law, and Charles Fleming, Captain in the Seventh Virginia Battalion in the Army of the United States of America; for love and affection to the said Wm. and Charles, her uncles, one full moiety of a tract of land in Goochland, on the north side of James River, and on both sides of Little Lickinghole Creek, containing 750 acres, which tract was devised to Thomas Fleming, uncle of said mary, by the will of John Fleming deceased, dated Nov. 1756, and recorded in Cumberland, and was devised to John Fleming, father of the said Mary, by the will of the said Thomas Fleming, dated Goochland, July 1759, and also all the right of the said Mary in the slaves and other personal estate of the said Thos. Fleming, who made John, father of the said Mary, his residuary legatee; said Wm. and Charles to pay all debts due from the estate of her father, John Fleming, deceased.
     There is also recorded in Goochland, a deed dated Nov. 11. 1777, from Warner Lewis, Jr., of Severn Hall, Gloucester Co., to John Page, of Rosewell, conveying a tract of land in Goochland, called Dover, containing 700 acres, which had lately become vested in the said Mary and Susannah Fleming her sister, as co-heirs of their brother John Fleming, deceased.
10. THOMAS 3 FLEMING; b. __, d. 1777; was never married.  Thomas Fleming, resided in Goochland County, where he owned two plantations, "Dover," and another on Little Lickinghole Creek. He was commisioned a lieutenant in the Virginia Regulars, May 26, 1757, and for several years served in the Frence and Indian War.  In June 1759, when his will was written, he describes himself as "Captain in the frontier battallion of Virginia forces."  In August 1758, he was included in a return, as a captain in Byrd's regiment, then stationed at Fort Cumberland (Campbell's History of Va., 500).  There are also on record in the Virginia Land Office, several bounty warrants to men who were privates in his company, in one instance described as "Captain Thomas Fleming's Company, first Virginia regiment,' and in nother, as in Byrd's regiment.  Captain Fleming doubtless served to the end of the War, and then returned to Goochland; where he served as high sheriff in 1769.  Like all of his family he took an active part in favor of American rights against England, and was a member of the Goochland County Committee of Safety in 1775 (Wm. and Mary Quarterly, V, 254)  At the first call to arms he re-entered the military service, and in July 1775 was in command of a company of minute men from this county, stationed at Williamsburg (Document in Rd. Standard).  His record as an officer in the French and Indian War must have been a good one, for on January 12th, 1776, the Virginia Convention elected him Colonel of the Ninth Virginia regiment (Journal of Convention).  His commission was dated March 2d, 1776 (Journal of Committe of Safety).  He had been assigned to the command of a regiment to be stationed on the Eastern Shore, for on Feb. 14, 1776, the Committee  had ordered that Col. Fleming, of the Eastern Shore regiment, be called into duty immediately.  Col. Fleming at once repaired the remainder of the year.  A return of his regiment dated May 31st was laid before Congress June 19, and on June 21, that body directed powder to be sent to Col. Thos. Fleming's regiment on the Eastern Shore of Virginia (Forces Archives) John Page, President of the Virginia Council, in a letter dated July 12, 1776, states that shortly before, there had been an uprising of Tories on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and that Col. Thos. Fleming had marched with a force of 120men, and suppressed it (Force).  On Dec. 6th, Col. Fleming issued an order that the officers and men of the 9th regiment who were absent on leave should return at once, or join on the march to Philadelphia, the regiment being ordered to reinforce General Washington (Force).  A letter in the Virginia Gazette, from Philadelphia, January 2d, 1777, says "This week the 9th Virginia regiment, Col. Thomas Fleming, arrived in the city."  Col. Fleming die dnot long after this, but whether in action, or of disease, neither the records in the U.S. War Department, nor the Virginia Land Office show.  Most probably, nowever, it was the latter.  On March 16, 1784, the State of Virginia granted the representatives of Thomas Fleming, Esq., 6666 2/3 acres of land for his services as a colonel in the Continental Line.  These representatives, as appears by a certificate of their uncle Wm. Fleming, were Mary, wife of Warner Lewis, Esq. and Susanna, wife of Addison Lewis, Esq., only surviving daughters of John Fleming, deceased, eldest brother of the said Col. Thomas Fleming (Records of Va. Land Office).
     The will of Thomas Fleming, "Captain in the frontier Battalion of Virginia forces," was dated June 7th, 1759, and proved in Goochland July 21, 1777.  He left his brother William 500 (english pounds), current money; brother Richard 150 (english pounds) current; brother Charles 150 (english pounds) current.  Gave 100 (english pounds), in trust, to purchase slaves for his sister Mary Bernard, and 100 (english pounds) in trust for the same purpose, for his sister Caroline Deans.  Brother John residuary legatee.  Brothers John and William, executors.
11. CHARLES 3 FLEMING; b. __; d. about 1793 (date of will), never married.
     At the beginning of the Revolution, Charles Fleming commanded a company of minute men raised in Cumberland County.  On Feb. 5, 1776, the Committee of Safety of that county elected him captain of the company of regulars to be raised in the county, and he is stated to have been at the time of this election, captain of a minute company (Journal of Cumb. Committee).  On March 4th, 1775, a return of his company was received by the general Committee of Safety, and he had leave to suspend the march of his company one week after his return from Williamsburg to Cumberland, to give him time to furnish them with arms and necessaries; at the same time warrants were issued for the pay of himself and company, described as of the 7th regiment, and it was directed that commissions should be issued to him and his subalterns, to be dated Feb. 29, 1776.  A statement of his services from the records that Charles Fleming served as a captain in the 7th Virginia regiment of foot, commanded by Colonel Alexander McClenahan, and also by Lieutenant Colonel Holt Richeson, Revolutionary War.  His name appears on the rolls of that regiment from June 1777, to May 1778.  He is also borne as a captain on the rolls of the 3d and 7th Virginia regiments, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Heth, for the months of July and August 1778.  He is reported as having been commissmoned February 29, 1776.
     It is also shown by the records that Charles Fleming served as lieutenant-colonel of the 8th Virginia regiment, commanded by Colonel James Wood.  His name appears on the rolls of that regiment to September 1779.  The records shown him commissioned lieutenant-colonel June 28, 1778, and resigned December 15, 1778."
     Heitman states that he was major 4th Va.; Lieutenant-Colonel 3d, Va. 28th June, 1778, and transferred to 8th Va., 14th Sept., 1778.
     After he retired from the regular army Colonel Fleming was frequently in service with the Virginia militia.
13.  WILLIAM 3 FLEMING, "fourth son and sixth child was born at Mt. Pleasant in the county of Goochland (now Powhatan) on the 6th day of July 1736, and married Bettie Champe, the 7th and youngest daughter of Col. John Champe, late of the county of King George (merchant) on the fifth day of Oct. 1766 and had issue four daughters who lived to be women, and one son.  He died at Summerville, February 15, 1824." (Family Bible).
     William Fleming was educated at William and Mary College, and while there was the collegemate and friend of Jefferson, and others, who became leaders in the Revolution, and with whom he remained on intimate terms in after life.  On completing his College course  he studied for the bar, and commenced the practice of law in Cumberland and the neighboring counties.  Not long before the Revolution he entered public life, taking his seat as a member of the House of Burgesses for Cumberland in February, 1772, and was relected to the sessions of March 1773, May 1774, August 1774, and June 1775.  Like all his family, Wm. Fleming was an active supporter of American rights, and in Feb. 1775 was a member of the county committee of safety of Cumberland.  He was recommended by the committee for appointment as Colonel of the militia of the county, and qualified in this office by taking the oath Oct. 23d, 1775.  On Nov. 26, 1775, when a new election was held to choose members of the committee, he receied next to the highest vote, and on October 28, 1776 was again re-elected, he and George Carrington receiving the same vote, more than was cast for any other (Journal of Committee).  He was a member of the Conventions of March 1775, July 1775, December 1775, an dof that which met May 6, 1776, and declared the independence of Virginia, and in the last named he was a member of the "independence committee." (Journal of Conventions).  After the establishment of the state government he continued a member of the House of Delegates, representing Cumberland in Oct. 1776, Dec. 1776, May 1777, and Oct. 1777, and Powhatan (which had been formed from Cumberland) in the sessions of May and October 1778, Dec. 1779, and Chesterfield in May and Nov. 1780.  During the sessions of 1780, he was Chairman of the committee of the whole.  On Dec. 10th, 1778 the Virginia Assembly elected him a member of Congress, in the room of John Banister resigned, to serve until August 11, 1778. (Journals of House of Delegates).  He appears not to have taken his seat in the latter body until April 28, 1779, for on that date the Jornals of Congress record that he attended and presented his credentials.  On Nov. 26, 1780 the Virginia Legislature again honored him by electing him a judge of the General Court, and some years later promoted him to the bench of the newly formed Court of Appeals.  His commission to the latter position, dated Dec. 31, 1788, and signed by Gov. Beverley Randolph, is preserved.
     Nor was it only in a civil capacity that Wm. Fleming rendered service during the Revolution.  When the county of Powhatan was formed from Cumberland he was appointed county lieutenant, his commision, signed by Gov. Henry, bearing the date July 31st, 1777.  He probably held this office for several years, and as documents remaining show, rendered useful service.  Among the few of his papers which remain is a subscription list taken in Powhatan county, for the purpose of paying bounties to recruits and preventing a draught of the militia.  It is as follows, the number after the names indicating the number of dollars subscribed:
     "We the subscribers herey oblige ourselves to pay on demand, to the commander of the militia of Powhatan, the several sums of money set against our names respectively, to be by him equally distributed amongst such able bodied men as will engage to serve in one of the Virginia regiments on continental establishment, for one year, in order to prevent a draught of the militia for completing the sd requirements; provided that not more than 200 dollars, besides the public bounty, be paid to any one person so enlisting.
     "Wm. Fleming 40, Cha. Fleming 30, Wm. Mayo 30, Jas. Bagbey 10, Samuel Hobson 10, Thomas Moseley 10, Robt. Hatcher 10, Wm. Tucker Jur. 10, Jos. Mayo 10, Thos. Harris 20, Robt. Smith 10, John Moseley 10, Littleberry Mosby 40, David Hughes 10, Joseph Thomson 10, Wm. Pointer 3, Pete Wilkinson 3, Jas. Wilkinson 5, Absalom Toler 4, Saml. White 3, Patrick Fitzsimmons 4, Danl. Hix 3, Rd. Crump 30, Robt. Richardson 16, John Moss, D. Creek 6, Chas. Rice 4, Sal. Woodson 6, John Porter 10, John Steuart Senr. 5, Geo. Mosby 8, Edward Mumford 20, James Pleasants 10, S. Hyde Saunders 10, Jas. Drake 10, Henry Bagby Jr. 6, W. Watson Sr. 3, Sam. Webster 4, John Wilkinson 4, Annias Hancock 3, W. Goode 5, T. Wilkinson 2, P. F. Turpin 20, Capt. Binns 2, Wm. Karr 3, Thos. Epperson 3, Jesse Winfree 7, Jas. Toler 2, John Wilkinson 10, John Perkins 4, Jos. Baker 3, Peter Crawford 10. Jas. Kerr 2, Ab. Stovall 2, Egbert Woodfin 2, John Gilbies 6, Otey Prosser 4, Wm. Scott 3, Danl. Bagby 3, Bennett Goode 10, Edwd. Cox 20, Wm. Bagby 6, John Cannifax 5, John French 2, John Carter 10, Jacob Moseley 4, John Hurt 3, J. P. Bondurant 4, John Welburn 4, Saml. Morgan 4, Wm. Moss 4, Wm. Hules 9, Jos. Vaughan, Frank Stegar 10, Sandy Cousins 3, John Bryant 1, Wm. Bennet 1, Wm. Howard 2. Jos. Salle 2, Jas. Scott 3, Wm. Cooper 10, Wm. Forsie 10, John Sublit 6, John Depp 4, John Harris 4, John Sandefar 4, Wm. Burner 8, Wm. Street 5, John Short 5, Fell Leseur 3, C. Forsie 10, Robt. Cardin 5, Peter Lookado 10, Jos. Clark 3, David Flournoy 2, Shadrach Roper 12, Lewis Chadoin 8, Henry Holman 10, Danl. Branch 5, Noel Lacey 3, John  Deans 30, Robt. Moseley 5, John Harris 20, Martin Leseur 5, Anth'y Martin 20, Geo. Stov. Smith 10, Wm. Burton 5, John Howard 20, John Moss 3, Dutoy Branch 2, Wm. Gay 40, John Moss 5, David Lyne 5, John Bernard 25. Danl. Scott, John King, Jas. Bedford.
     "Rec'd of Vincnet Markham 12th Feby 1778, 23.3.9, (english pounds) or 77 dollars and 1. 9d. W. Fleming.
     "Besides wch Jno. Baugh pd. 20 and T. Dawson 10 dollars.   W. F. p'd at the G. muster 100 dollars to Vinc. Markham, who gave 30 of them to Rd. Crump.
     "Collected by V. Markham and W. Mayo at Gen. Muster 207 Dollalrs."
     From 1788 until his death, thirty six years, Wm Fleming remained a judge of the Court of Appeals, and from 1810, was President of the court.  While not a man of brillant talents Judge Fleming was an able lawyer, and an efficient and useful judge.
     In the series of biographical sketches of Virgnia judges given in Coll's Reports (IV, XIX) it is said: "He had good sense, was an ardent patriot, and a very upright judge.  Indulging in no theories or subtilties, his opinions were on the honest side of the cause; and always aiming to decide rightly, he generally attained his object."
     Another writer says: "Roane could give more reasons for his opinion; but Fleming was most apt to be right."
     Judge Fleming's portrait and that of his mother Mary (Bolling) Fleming were in the possession of Mr. Wm. Fleming Eggleston, deceased Birminham, Ala.
     William and Elizabeth (Champe) Fleming had issue: 20. Son, died young; 21. Lucy Champe, married Jan. 9, 1794, John Markham; 22. __; 23. Mary Bolling was married to Beverley Chew Stanard, of Spotsylvania County on the 8th day of February 1799.  She died at Summerville, Chesterfield County, on 22d day of Jan. 1812, in the 34th year of her age. (Family Bible).

17. JOHN FLEMING (John 3, John 2, Charles 1) entered the military service of his country at the beginning of the Revolution.  The Virginia Gazette of oct. 21st, 1775 says: "Two companies of regulars are just arrived [in Williamsburg] viz., Captain John Fleming's from Henrico, and Captain Robert Ballard's from Mecklenburg." On March 26, 1776 commissions, to date from January 27th, were issued to Captain John Fleming and his subalterns (Council Journal) though according to Heitman, he was commissioned captain in the 1st Virginia regiment Oct. 2d, 1775.  The records of the War Department give the former date, while a report of J. H. Smith, Virginia Commissioner of Military Claims says: "John Fleming, Captain Continental Line; Captain 1st regiment, July 22d, 1776, and August 7th, 1776 (see Council Journal of those dates).  Died in service as Major (See Certificate of Benjamin Harrison on file in executive department).  His heirs received 5333 1/2 acres of land.  Are entitled to additional land from Aug. 7, 1776 to the end of the war."  His regiment marched to the Northward and joined the army under Washington.  A return of the 1st Virginia regiment Nov. 5, 1776, shows that Captain John Fleming was in command, all the field officers being absent sick (Force's Archives).  He led his regiment at the battle of Princeton, and while acting with distinguished gallantry, was killed.  Bancroft says: "In this way (while rallying fugitives) fell Fleming, the gallant leader of all that was left of the first Virginia regiment."  Washington wrote to Congress, January 5, 1777, that among the killed at Princeton was Captain Fleming who commanded the first Virginia regiment.
   The Virginia Gazette of January 24th 1777, has the following notice of his death: "By accounts from the northward, we have the melancholy news of the death of Captain John Fleming of the 1st Virginia regiment, who proved himself to be a gallant oficer, and nobly fell on the 3d instant,  near Trenton, at the head of his company, in defense of American freedom.  He was universally esteemed by those who were acquainted with him, and his loss is much regretted.
          Lament, ye brothers - all ye brave should mourn
          And drop a tear of pity o'er his urn."
     The same paper of January 31st, prints a letter, "from a general in the Continental service," dated Trenton Jan. 9th: "We lost a very good officer Captain Fleming of the 3d [1st] Virginia batallion.  Within ten yards of the enemy he called to his men, 'Gentlemen, dress before you make ready.' The British troops blackguarded our people and damned them, 'they would dress them,' and gave the first fire.  Our men  placed their fire so well, that the enely screamed as if devils had got hold of them.  They were encouraged by their officers, and advanced with their bayonets, but were forced out of the field by the brave Americans."
     On March 16, 1784 the heirs of John Fleming, major in the Continental Line, were granted a bounty of 5333 acres for his services. Governor Harrison's order for this grant to issue was as follows:
                                                                    "March 17, 1784.
Sir,
    You'l please to issue a certificate to the representatives of John Fleming for the quantity of land allowed a major, in which capacity I know he acted when killed:
Col. Meriwether                       Benj. Harrison
    These heirs were stated in a certificate by Wm. Fleming, also on file in the State Land office, to be Mary, who married Warner Lewis, Esq., and Susan who married Addison Lewis, Esq., only surviving sisters and coheiresses of the said John Fleming.
     On May 30, 1838 a warrant for 1142 acres, additional, was issued to the representative of Major John Fleming. Accompanying the warrant, as on file in the Land Office following certificate:
     "Gloucester County, Nov. 1838, on motion of Susan Byrd it was ordered to be certified that satisfactory evidence was adduced to the Court, that Mary Ellis, who was Mary Fleming, died in Gloucester Co., having made a will, and said will, after giving some pecuniary legacies, left the residue of her estate to her niece Susan Byrd, it was also proved that John Fleming, who was a major in the Continental line, died intestate, killed at the battle of Princeton, and  his nearest heir is Susan Byrd, who is the only heir of Susan Lewis, who was a sister of John Fleming."
2. TARLETON 2 FLEMING (Charles 1), b. __, d. Nov. or Dec. 1750; m. Hannah __.
     Tarleton Fleming, of "Rock Castle," Goochland, was one of the justices of that county at its formation in 1728, and sheriff in 1730 and 1731 (Goochland Records).  He is stated to have married Hannah Bates, probably a daughter of John Bates of York Co.  There is recorded in Goochland a deed dated 1744, from "Mrs. Jane Fleming" to Capt. Robert Moseley, conveying an island of 28 acres in James River, opposite "Fleming's Rock Castle tract."  As it was the custom in that day to address unmarried woomen as "Mrs.," she was probably a sister of Tarleton Fleming, for in 1742 Tarleton and Hannah Fleming witnessed the will of Isham Randolph.  The will of Tarleton Fleming was dated Oct. 30, 1750, and proved in Goochland Dec. 18, 1750.  He gives all  his lands, stock, interests, furniture and other estate, real and personal, to his son Tarleton, except what was otherwise devised.  to  his daughters Susannan, Hanna, Elizabeth and Judith 500 (english pounds) current money each.  Appoints his son Tarleton, Jno. fleming, Jr., Tarleton Woodson, Jr., Tarleton Woodson, Sr., and Jacob Woodson, executors.  Elizabeth Bates, Elizabeth Woodson, John Bates, Wm. Fleming, and James Meredith, witnesses.
Issue:
24. Tarleton 3, born ___, d. Jan. 1778; m. Mary Randolph.
25. "Charles 3, son of Tarleton and Hannah Fleming born Dec. 10, 1725" (St. Peter's Register). Doubtless died before his father.
26. Susanna 3, b ___, d ____.
27. Hannah 3, married Apr. 1756, George Webb, J.; 28. elizabeth married Josias Payne, Jr., member of the House of burgesses for Goochland (marriage bond Aug. 23d, 1755, Goochland records); 29. Judith 3, b. ___, d. ___.
24. TARLETON 3 FLEMING (Tarleton 2, Charles 1), b. ___, d. Jan. 1778; married Mary, daughter of Wm. Randolph, of "Tuckahoe," Goochland.
     Col. Tarleton Fleming (as he was styled from his rank in the militia) was sheriff of Goochland in 1771 (Goochland records).  In June 1773 he gave a deed of trust on 51 negroes to Thos. M. Randolph, of Goochland, George Webb of New Kent, and Neill Campbell of Henrico, as security for 2704.16.8 (english pounds), with interest from Feb. 3d, 1772; said parties being his securities in a debt to George Kippen & Co. In 1775 and 1776 he was a member of the County Committee of Safety, and was a member of the House of Delegates from Goochland in 1776.  He married Mary, daughter of William Randolph, of Tuckahoe." Her portrait is in the possession of a relative in this city.  The will of Tarleton Fleming was dated Jan. 18, 1778, and proved in Goochland Feb. 16, 1778.  States that he had by marriage contract made ample provision for his wife Mary, and now gives her, in addition, his chariot, horses, &c.  Bequests to sons William, Thomas and John (the latter minor). To daughter Judith, ten negroes.  The inventory of "Col. Tarleton Fleming deceased" was recorded March 1778, included 84 negroes; a collection of books "valued p inventory 25 (english pounds).; total value personal estate 13646. (english pounds).
Issue:
30. William Randolph 4, b ___, d. ___; member of the House of Delegates from Goochland 1791, 1804-5, 1805-6; sheriff Goochland 1808-9; Lieutenant Col. commanding 2d regt. Va. militia artillery 187 (when organized in expectation of war with England).
31. Thomas Mann 4, b.___, d. ___; m. Ann Spotswood Payne.
32. John, b. ___, d. ___.
+33. Judith, b. ___, d. ___; m. in 1785 George Webb of Henrico Co.
31. THOMAS MANN FLEMING; b. ___, d. ___; married Ann Spotswood, daughter of Archibald Payne of Goochland Co., and his wife ___, daughter of Col. Nathaniel, and Dorothea (Spotswood) Dandridge.
     Thos Mann Fleming was appointed a justice for Goochland in 1799.
     Issue 34. Martha, Dandridge 5, married in 1918 Peter Cottom, of Richmond Va.; 35. Mary Page 5, 36. Ann Spotswood 5; +37. Tarleton 5, of "Mannsville, " Goochland, b. __, d. __; married Rebecca Coles.
37. TARLETON 5 FLEMING of "Mannsville," Goochland Co., b. __, d. __; m. __, Rebecca daughter of Walter Coles, of Albemarle Co.
Issue +37. Thomas Mann 5, b. __, d. __; m. (1) Virginia Pemberton; (2) virginia Morrison. No issue by last marriage; 38. Wm. Randolph 6; b. __, d.__; m. Leila shield; 39. Elizabeth 6, married Capt. Wm. Webb, U.S.A. & C.S.N. (see WEBB); 40. Sarah 6, m. J. H. Heath, living in Petersburg, Va, and had issue: Eliza 7, Maunsell 7, Jane 7, Tarleton F. 7, of Petersburg, and Ellen.
37. THOMAS MANN 6 FLEMING, M. D., Goochland Co., b__, d, __, married (1) Virginia Pemberton (2) Virginia Morrison. No issue by last marriage.
     Dr. Fleming served as surgeon C.S.A.
     Issue 44. Rebecca 7, married George Anderson, of Richmond; 45. Cannon married Nannie, daughter of Andrew Ellett, Richmond; 46. Virginia married Frank Prettyman.
38. WM. RANDOLPH 6 FLEMING, of Goochland Co., b. ___, d. ___; m. Leila Shield, of York Co. Va.
     Mr. Fleming served in the C.S.A. as a lieutenant in the Goochland troop, 4th regt. Va. Cavalry.
     Issue: 47. Wm. R. 7; 48. Henry C. 7; 49. Orlando F. S. 7; 50. Tarleton B. 7; 51. Charles S. 7; 52. Shield 7.

FLEMING, ETC., FROM QUAKER RECORDS

     We are indebted to Mrs. P. w. Hiden, Newport News, Va., for the following notes from the Friends Registers, which supplement the genealogy of the Fleming family in Vols. XXIII and XXIV of this Magazine.
     Samuel Jordan married Elizabeth, daughter of Charles and Susannah Fleming, of New Kent, Oct. 6, 1703.
     With reference to the marriage of Tarleton Woodson and Ursula fleming which took place April 3, 1710, "the said meetings having some doubt thereon some Friends were aginst the said proceedings, but the question being put whereas the said Tarleton Woodson and Ursula fleming were contracted by solemn vows and contracts, being then ignorant of any orders or practice among Friends that first cousins shall not marry therefore better be suffered than dissolved, therefore it is the sense of this meeting that they may have liberty to take each other in marriage when they shall think fit."  It would be inferred that Charles Fleming married Susannah Tarleton, sister of Judith Tarleton, who married John Woodson.
     John Bates, Jr., and susannah Fleming were married Aug. 5, 1713.
     There is announcement of the intended marriage of George Bates and Grace Fleming, but no record of the actual ceremony.

PAYNE DATA

     Jane Payne prior to her marriage to James B. Ferguson, was the widow of Robert Bollling, son and one of the 11 children of John Bolling, of "Chestnut Hill", and his wife Martha Jefferson.  (Pocahotas, p. 32.)  It was her second marriage and Ferguson's first.  By her first husband she had two daughters, p. 35.  By her marriage to Ferguson she also had two daughters, one Jane Elvira Ferguson married Peachy R. Grattan had ten children, p. 53.  Mrs. Jane Payne (Bolling) Ferguson died according to the Richmond Argus February 27, 1807.  (Va. Mag. etc., Vol. XX, p. 365.)  James Ferguson married second his cousin Sarah (Sally) Gay.  He was the son of James Ferguson who married Judith Eldridge, and James B. Ferguson and a sister were the result of this marriage.  (Pocahontas, pp. 34 & 39; also in my Eldridge Article.)  James B. Ferguson and  his cousin Sally Gay had two sons and three daughters given in Poc. p. 52.  Note that one daughter Pocahontas Ferguson married J. M. Vaughan.  I take it that this was the Dr. Vaughan of the Diary,* for John Meriwether Vaughan married Sally Gay and according to Griffith book on the Meriwether Family pp. 165-167, had nine children, a list of whom I have, with marriage and dates.
                                                     Wm. B. Hall
* Bolling Diary.

IN RE JOHN BOLLING, MARRIED MARTHA JEFFERSON
POCAHONTAS, P. 32

     I desire to correct an inaderdent error of the above heading on page 342 of the October number of the Magazine, and thus continuing the Pocahontas error.
     John Bolling married about 1761 Mary Jefferson, the second daughter of Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph.  The Douglas Register, on page 159, evidences the birth of the six oldest children of John Bolling and Mary Jefferson has follows:
1. John, born March 24, 1762.
2. Thomas, born February 11, 1764.
3. Jane, born September 17, 1765.
4. Ann, born August 28, 1767.
5. Martha, born __, 1769.
6. Edward, born September 17, 1772.
     Martha Jefferson, a younger daughter of Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph, married Dabney Carr, a classmate at College of Thomas Jefferson and possibly his closest friend as well as his brother-in-law, who died at Monticello, and was the first to be buried there.
                                                     Wm. B. Hall, M.D.
                                                     Selma, Alabama.

BOLLING OF LUNENBURG CO., ETC.

     In Lunenburg County is the marriage Bond of Robert Bolling for his marriage to Mary A. E. Stokes.
     Dated: August 4, 1829.
     Surety: James Baker.
     Witness: W. W. Winn.
     Consent is given by Armstead Bruce, guardian and by German Y. Stokes, father of Mary A. E. Stokes. Armstead Bruce therefore must have been the guardian of Robert Bolling, who at the time must have been a minor.
     This record does not state who the parents of Robert Bolling were, but the marriage records of a later date do show this.  This Robert Bolling was married a second time.  A license issued Jan. 21, 1868 shows that Robert Bolling (widower) 57 years of age of Nottoway County, son of Robert and Lucy Bolling, married Pattie P. Mann (19 years of age) of Prince Edward Co., Va., daughter of Benjamin and Louisa Mann.
     I know that this Robert Bolling who married Mary A. E. Stokes, is the same person who married Pattie P. Mann.
     Now what I need, to make clear sailing, is to go with certainty one generation farther back than Robert and Lucy Bolling.
     The Lunenburg Records further show that on July 23, 1862, Joseph J. Price (26) of Cumberland Co., son of Warner W. and Susan E. Price, married Lucy J. Bolling (21) of Nottoway, daughter of Robert and Mary Bolling.  (This Mary Bolling was Mary A. E. Stokes).
     The Lunenburg Records further show that May 9, 1860, a license was issued for the marriage of Stith Bolling (24) son of Jno. S. and Mary T. Bolling to Cornelia Scott Forrest (18), daughter of Richard S. and Elizabeth Forrest.
     Then there is the record of the marriage of Thomas Bolling and Eliza Williams, Feb. 14, 1811, and of Robert Bolling and Nancy Blackwell, Dec. 22, 1819.
     The Stith Bolling who married Cornelia Scott Forrest is General Stith Bolling, now an honored citizen of Petersburg, Va.
     Stith Bolling (one of the sons of Robert and Ann (Stith) Bolling) was born March 28, 1686, married Elizabeth Hartwell (a widow), who died in 1714.  Stith Bolling's will was probated in Prince George County, Aug. 16, 1727.  He left four sons:
     Stith.
     Alexander.
     John.
     Robert.
     From some of these are no doubt descended the Robert Bolling who married Mary A. E. Stokes, and John Stith Bolling, the father of the present General Stith Bolling, but my opportunity to examine records has nor been such, as to enable me so far to establish the descent.
                                                 L. C. B. Columbus, O.

BOLLING - EDLOE

The will of Stith Bolling, of Surry County; not dated; but probated Surry County Court, August 16, 1727, names sons Stith Bolling, Alexander Bolling, John Bolling and Robert Bolling; makes provision for two daughters (though des not give their names); wife Elizabeth Bolling and brother Robert Bolling, executors (Surry County records, Wills and Deeds 1715-30, page 751).  During the past two or three years quite a few fragments of Prince George County records which were carried away during the War Between the States have come into posession of the Virginia State Library, Richmond.  Among these fragments is the original of the will of John Bolling, of Bath Parish, prince George County, dated November 13, 1744., proved Prince George County Court March 13, 1744 [1744/5], bearing the endorsement, "Exhibited into Court by his brother Alexander Bolling one of the Executors named in the Will."  The will bequeaths "To My Sister Anne Edloe" four negroes Phillis, Ned, Sipeo and Daniel; "To My brother Alexander Bolling" three negroes Grinnidge, Charles and Harry, and all the rest of testator's personal estate he paying "my sister Anne Edloe" 70 (english pounds) currency.  Executors "My brother in law John Edloe and my said brother Alexander Bolling." Witnessses: David Walker, John Thornton, John Clack.  The will is further endorsed:  "The Last Will and Testament of John Bolling" [this evidently in the handwriting of the party who wrote the will for the testator] and "Mr. John Bolling, Junr deced. His will proved March 1744.  Rec: G pa: 355 & Exed" [this in handwriting of William Hamlin, clerk of the Court].  The record book in which this will was recorded is missing.   This will of John Bolling, of Bath Parrish, Prince George, taken with the will of Stith Bolling, of Surry County, clearly identifies this John Bolling with John, son of the said Stith Bolling; and identifies the testor John Bolling's "sister Anne Edloe" as one of the unnamed daughters of the will of Stith Bolling, of Surry County.  (The original will of John Bolling is now on file in the Division of Archives, Virginia State Library, Richmond.)

Source: "Virginia Genealogies", pages 200-255.


Part 1