OSCEOLA - (1872-1940)
is located 3
miles east of U.S. Hwy. 50 & 6, and 8 miles east of their
junction with US 93, south of Sacramento Pass; 29 miles east of
Ely. The Osceola mining district was the largest producer of
gold in Nevada and the longest lived placer camp in
Hydraulic mining was
inaugurated here by using water brought to Dry Gulch by a 30-mile
long ditch. Remains of the ditch can be seen in various
places. Placer mining continues to be done on a small scale
Lode gold was discovered in the
Exchange Claim located above Dry Gulch on the northeast slope of
Pilot Knob Ridge in 1872. The gold-bearing quartz belt was 12
miles long by 7 miles wide. Placer gold was found in 1877. The
Osceola Mining District produced the largest gold nugget ever
discovered in Nevada when a
25-pound gold nugget was found in Dry Gulch in 1877.
Osceola was founded in 1877. In 1881,
the town boasted a hotel, restaurant, livery stable, blacksmith
shop, school house, butcher shop, a jail, an assay office, several
saloons and other stores.
Ore was milled from over 100 lode
claims using arrastras by 1878. In 1878 a 5-stamp mill was built
in Dry Gulch. Another was built in 1880 on Mill Creek. A cyanide
plant and another stamp mill was built in the early 1900's near
Sacramento Pass. Two ditches were dug in 1885 to provide water for
more elaborate mining methods.
The Osceola Nugget newspaper started
their presses in 1903. Tungsten was discovered in the area
in 1916. Bat Caves produced phosphate rich bat guano.
The post office, a store and a saloon
operated until 1920, serving the area cattle and grain ranchers
and farmers of the Spring and Snake Valleys. The town was almost
completely destroyed by a fire in 1940's.
Chinese workers came to this area in
search of work as cooks, laundrymen, wood-cutters, vegetable
gardeners, sheep herders, ore and wood haulers, miners and general
laborers when lode gold was discovered above Dry Gulch in 1872.
The Chinese lived in subterranean dens dug into the hillside
overlooking Osceola and practiced their traditional way of life.
There was once a separate cemetery for the Chinese residents of
Osceola but the bodies were disinterred and returned to
Click on the White Pine
Public Museum photo below to see an enlarged view of the
Osceola had a post
office, store and saloons. A cemetery
and one original building
remains after a fire nearly leveled the town in the
1940's. See Historical
Osceola is now a ghost town, almost
nothing remains because of a fire in the 1940's.
Marriott Store ruins taken 1998 -
Osceola Cemetery - 1998 Shaputis Photo
Osceola Cemetery, Osceola, White Pine,
The cemetery has about 47 definite
Ayers, Joe - A
drunken blacksmith, challenged Capt. D. B. Akey, a tunnel
driller, to a duel. Ayers lost. Akey was acquitted. No date given
but the incident happened in the early days of the town. Nevada
Tales From the Past by White Pine Chamber of Commerce 1964, page
Bussy, Charles -
of Palestine, Illinois, ca 43, died 31 Oct 1887 + Born December 8,
1943, died October 31, 1887 *
Collins, Inez L.
- Daughter of A. O. And I. M. Collins, born April 27, 1908, died May
15, 1908 *
Kathan, Deckros -
Born 1841, Cowansville, Canada, died March 24, 1899, Cleveland, NV,
age 58 years *
Kiger, Nathan -
Born Feb. 22, 1861, died Nov. 3, 1934
Nevada - Born May 17, 1892, died June 17, 1892 *
- Born Jan. 26, 1908, died March 8, 1908 *
Henry - Died July 18, 1890, age 10 months 6 days *
Elma - Born Jan. 7, 1886, died March 31, 1886 *
Marriott, John C.
- 1858 - 1922 * Operated the Marriott General Store which was the
only business building to survive the fire which burned the town in
1948. The store was a stone structure with tall, narrow iron
shutters and doors. The Marriott home, which survived the fire, was
near the store across from an iron pipe feeding cold spring water
and surrounded by fruit trees and roses. (Ghosts of the Glory
Trail by Nell Murbarger page 160.)
Marriott, Mary -
1861 - 1915 *
Marriott, Sarah -
Born March 9, 1826, died Nov. 8, 1899 *
Moyer, Stanley H.
- Born Oct. 10, 1926, died Nov. 18, 1926 *
Henry - Born Jan. 3, 1848, Cornwall, England, died Dec. 11, 1903
P. - of Chicago, Illinois, ca 29, died 19 Apr 1906 +
Scott, J. T. -
Born in Ohio May 4, 1827, died July 1, 1903 *
A. - of South Carolina, 73 years 10 months 12 days, died 18 Jan 1903
+ Born March 5, 1829, died Jan 17, 1893
William - Died Jan. 22, 1881, aged 3 years, 11 days. Son of George
A. Swallow *
Tilford, Rosa B.
- Died Dec. 16, 1887, aged 12 years 6 months, 4 days.
Unknown prisoner - An unnamed man in the Osceola jail was killed by a
Spring Valley vigilante committee who were avenging the attempted
killing of a local rancher. June 7, 1883.
Sources researched by June
Shaputis: White Pine County Recorder office, Old Book #1 Book
53, Deaths (County Recorders records = +); LDS Osceola Cemetery
Tombstone List dated 28 Sep 1973 located at Ely BLM (1973 legible
markers = *)