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History of Marion County
On March 3, 1817, Congress enacted a law that the eastern portion of the Mississippi Territory should constitute a separate territory and be called "Alabama". Several of the present counties of the state were represented in Mississippi Territory and became Alabama counties upon passage of the law. Marion County was provided for in the Act of February 13, 1818 by the Alabama Territorial General Assembly and included all of the current territory of Marion County and parts of what is now Winston, Walker, Fayette and Lamar Counties in Alabama as well as certain land now included in Lowndes, Monroe and Itawamba Counties in Mississippi.
On November 21, 1818, election precincts were established by an Act of the Territorial Council at two places in the new county. One location was at the home of Scott Montgomery on Buttahatchie River and the other was at the home of William Leech on Luxapallila Creek. Returns from elections were to be made to the home of Jesse McKinny. On March 2, 1819, Congress approved an Act providing for the manner and terms of admission of Alabama as a state and Marion County was one of the 22 counties listed in the Act. The Constitutional Convention provided for in the Act met in Huntsville on July 5, 1819. John Terrell was the delegate from Marion County to the convention.
On December 14, 1819, by joint resolution of Congress, Alabama became a state. Earlier in the month, on December 6, 1819, an act of the Legislature provided for a tax for the building of a plain log Court House in Marion County. Until it could be built, the temporary seat of justice would be at the house of Henry Greer near Buttahatchie River. On December 19, 1820, the permanent boundaries of Marion County were fixed by the State Legislature and six commissioners were named to fix the site of the public buildings of the county; Lemuel Bean, Jobez Fitzgerald, Barnes Holloway, Sr., George White, William Metcalf and William Davis.
The territory now embraced in Marion County might never have been exclusively the lands of any one Indian tribe, but if anyone could claim it, undoubtedly the Chickasaws would have. In 1816, General George S. Gaines concluded a treaty fixing the eastern boundary line of the Chickasaw Nation. This line, sometimes called "Gaines Trace", runs through Marion County from Northeast to Southwest between Hamilton and Shottsville.
Reference: Private family papers submitted to Marion County Tracks by Peggy Mitchell., Marion County Tracks, Vol.II, #4, October 1983.
Owen, Thomas McAdory, History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, Chicago:S.J. Clarke Publishing Co.,1921.
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