The War for Southern Independence:
1st Mississippi Valley Regiment;
known as 2nd Confederate Regiment)
Rowland’s "Military History of Mississippi,
1803-1898"; company listing courtesy of H. Grady
Howell’s "For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand’)
Company A -- Red Rebels (raised in Holmes County, MS)
[became Co. A, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company B -- Jackson Hornets (raised in Alabama &
Mississippi) [became Co. B, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company C -- Capt. Ray’s Company (raised in Kentucky)
[became Co. C, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company D -- Capt. Hundley’s Company (raised in Alabama)
[became Co. D, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company E -- no name or place of origin given [became Co.
E, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company F -- Capt. Haver’s Company (raised in Missouri)
[became Co. F, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company G -- Osceola Hornets (raised in Arkansas) [became
Co. G, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company H -- Wigall Guards (raised in Tennessee) [became
Co. H, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company I -- Coms Avengers (raised in Carroll County, MS)
[became Co. I, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
Company K -- Worsham Guards (raised in Tennessee) [became
Co. K, 2nd Confederate Infantry]
First Mississippi Valley Regiment, later known as the
Second Confederate Regiment.
Colonel -- John D. Martin. Lieutenant-Colonel -- Edward F.
McGehee. Major -- Thomas H. Mangum.
This regiment contained three Mississippi companies
July 23, 1861, General Polk, at Memphis, preparing a
campaign against St. Louis, reported that he would order up
three Mississippi regiments, under General Clark, to Union
City, Tenn., to hold in reserve. Colonel Martin's Regiment he
would send to General Pillow, at New Madrid, who was expected
to march into the interior of Missouri and co-operate with
General Sterling Price. Martin's Regiment was hardly ready for
the field, however, and the demand for troops in Virginia
weakened Polk so that the campaign was abandoned. Martin's
Regiment, in October, was attached to Col. John S. Bowen's
Division of Polk's army at Columbus, Ky., Colonel Martin in
command of the brigade composed of his regiment and Bowen's.
The regiment became known at this time as the First
Mississippi Valley Regiment. General Johnston, reporting its
arrival from Columbus at Bowling Green, about the first of
January, 1862, calls it "Colonel Martin's First
Mississippi, 496 aggregate." As the
"Twenty-fifth" it was brigaded with the Twenty-
second under Col. John S. Bowen, in the army at Bowling Green.
The name was changed from Twenty-fifth Mississippi to Second
Confederate Regiment, by order of War Department January 31,
1862. At the same time Villepigue's Georgia Regiment was
entitled the First Confederate, and Marmaduke's Arkansas
Regiment the Third Confederate. Of the latter William E.
Brickell, of Vicksburg, was Surgeon and Brigade Surgeon of
The regiment was disbanded May 8, 1862. The three
Mississippi companies formed the First Battalion, Mississippi
Sharpshooters (which see).
Colonel Martin commanded with distinction a Mississippi
brigade composed of the Thirty-sixth, Thirty-seventh and
Thirty-eighth Regiments, and the Thirty-seventh Alabama, at
the battle of Iuka, and at the battle of Corinth, October 3,
1862, fell mortally wounded at the outer line of Federal
works. General Sterling Price wrote of him: "The gallant
bearing of this officer upon more than one bloody field had
won for him a place in the heart of every Mississippian and
the admiration and confidence of his superior officers."