Hawaiian_Monarchy

A condensed royal family tree was published in the Honolulu Star Bulletin on June 16, 1999.  The Hawaiian monarchy lasted about 83 years (1810-1893).  The Kamehameha dynasty was from 1810-1872.  The Kalakaua dynasty was from 1872-1893.

Kamehameha Dynasty

Kamehameha I (1758-1819):  The Warrior king who unified the Hawaiian Islands.  He had many wives, but according to Hawaiian Alii tradition, he had a Sacred Wife, Keopuolani who was the mother to his heirs, Liholiho and Kauikeaouli.  He also had a Favorite Wife, Queen Kaahumanu (1772-1832) who was his constant companion.  When Kamehameha I died, Dowager Queen Kaahumanu became regent of Liholiho and Liholihoʻs successor Kauikeaouli.  Dowager Queen Kaahumanu was remarried to Kaumualii, governor of Kauai.

Kamehameha II (1797-1824) and Queen Kamamalu (1802-1824):  Liholiho was married to his half-sister Kamamalu.  She was a favorite of his five wirves.  The couple died in London during their visit to meet King George.

Kamehameha III (1758-1819) and Queen Kalama (1817-1870):  Kauikeapouli was 10 when he became king.  He gained full control of the monarchy after the regents Kaahumanu and Kinau (one of Liholihoʻs wives) died.

Kamehameha IV (1834-1863) and Queen Emma Kalanikaumaka Rooke (1836-1885):  Alexander Liholiho was the grandson of Kamehameha I and adopted son of Kamehameha III.  Emma was the adopted daughter of Dr. Thomas Rooke, grandniece of Kamehameha I and granddaughter of Kamehameha Iʻs adviser, John Young.  Their son, Albert Edward Kauikeaouli Leiopapa o Kamehameha (1858-1862) died when he was 4.

Kamehameha V (1830-1872):  Lot, Kamehameha IVʻs brother was a bachelor.  He was a guardian of Hawaiian sovereignty.  He was unable to persuade his childhood sweetheart, Princess Bernice Pauahi to succeed him.  Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop (1831-1884) was a great-granddaughter of Kamehameha I and heir to vast lands.  Her will endows profits from these lands via the Bishop Estate to educate Hawaiian children at Kamehameha Schools.  Her husband, banker/businessman Charles Reed Bishop established Bishop Museum in 1889 in her memory.

Kalakaua Dynasty  

King Lunalilo (1835-1875):  Grand-nephew of Kamehameha I was a bachelor and was elected king by the people.

King David Kalakaua (1836-1891) and Queen Kapiolani (1834-1899):  King Kalakaua was known as “The Merrie Monarch”.  He was voted in by the Legislature.  He was a high chief and was descended from a long line of chiefs.  Queen Kapiolani was a high chefess and descended from the Kauai royal line.  He launched a renaissance of Hawaiian culture.

Adopted sons:  

Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole (1871-1922) was a favorite nephew of Liliuokalani and was designated co-heir to throne after Princess Kaiulani died.  He was Hawaiiʻs delegate to Congress for 20 years.

Prince David Kawananakoa (1868-1908) was Queen Kapiolaniʻs nephew, designed co-heir to the throne succeding Princess Kaiulani to whom he was betrothed.  He later wed Princess Abigail Campbell Kawananakoa (1882-1945) daughter of a Hawaiian mother and Scotch-Irish father, James Campbell.

Queen Lydia Kamakaeha Liliuokalani (1839-1917):  She was the former high chiefess Lydia Kamakaeha and sister of Kalakaua.  She was wed to John Owen Dominis (1851-1887), governor of Oahu during the Kalakaua reign.  The Hawaiian monarchy overthrow in 1893 ended her reign.

Other Royalties of the Kalakaua Dynasty

Princess Likelike (1851-1887):  She was the younger sister of Liliuokalani and King David Kalakaua who was married to Archibald Cleghorn.

Crown Princess Ka’iulani (1875-1899):  Daughter of Likelike and Queen Liliuokalaniʻs heir designate.  

©Feb 2018                       Honolulu County Coordinator Doreen Harunaga-Ewing